Working with percentages in R can be a little tricky, but it’s easy to change it to an integer, or numeric, and run the right statistics on it. Such as quartiles and mean and not frequencies.

data$column = as.integer(sub("%", "",data$column))

Essentially you are using the sub function and substituting the “%” for a blank. You don’t lose any decimals either! So in the end just remember that those are percentage amounts.

Next example is converting to a factor

data$column = as.factor(data$column)

Now you can read the data as discrete. This is great for categorical and nominal level variables.

Last example is converting to numeric. If you have a variable that has a dollar sign use this to change it to a number.

data$balance = as.factor(gsub(",", "", data$balance)) data$balance = as.numeric(gsub("\\$", "", data$balance))

Check out the before

Balance : Factor w/ 40 levels "$1,000","$10,000",..: Utilization : Factor w/ 31 levels "100%","11%","12%",

And after

Balance : num 11320 7200 20000 12800 5700 ... Utilization : int 25 70 55 65 75

I hope this helps you with your formatting times! So simple and easy and you’ll be able to summarize your data!